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Almost half of the UK's CO2 emissions come from energy used to heat space and water, industrial process heating, industrial drying and similar purposes......
Air source heat pumps absorb heat from the external air. This is usually used to heat radiators, underfloor heating systems, or warm air convectors and hot water in your home.
An air source heat pump takes heat from the outside air, even when the outside temperature is as low as minus 15° C.
Heat pumps have some impact on the environment as they need electricity to run, but the heat they extract from the ground, air, or water is constantly being renewed naturally.
Unlike gas or oil boilers, heat pumps deliver warmth at lower temperatures over much longer periods. Radiators should never feel as hot to the touch as they would do when using an oil or gas boiler.
There are two main types of air source heat pump system:
Warmth from the air is absorbed into a fluid which is pumped through a heat exchanger in the heat pump. Low grade heat is then extracted by the refrigeration system and, after passing through the heat pump compressor, is concentrated into a higher temperature useful heat capable of heating water for the heating and hot water circuits of the house.
Air source heat pumps are in a similar situation to micro wind. Once some current legal technicalities have been resolved, it is expected that air source heat pumps will be permitted developments. Again, further legislation is expected later this year. This does not mean you can not currently have an air source heat pump. It just means that at present, you must consult with your local authority regarding planning permission.
Note that the permitted development rights are not extended to Listed Buildings which are covered by other planning regulations.
Savings will vary depending on many factors, some are outlined below. It is important that the system is controlled appropriately for your needs. Actual savings figures will depend on your exact fuel prices
If you wish to reduce your home's CO2 emissions further, you should consider installing solar electricity or some other form of renewable electricity generating system to power the compressor and pump.
The Department for Energy and Climate Change (DECC) have announced that the Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) is expected to be launched shortly. It is designed to provide financial support to encourage the uptake of renewable and low carbon heat technologies like heat pumps. It is currently in a planning stage and no final decisions have yet been made by DECC.
These systems use similar principles to air source heat pumps to extract heat from the ground.
Ground source heat pumps use pipes buried in the garden to extract heat from the ground. This is usually used to heat radiators or underfloor heating systems and hot water. Although more expensive than air source heat pumps, ground source heat pumps can be more efficient.
Green fuel can save you money as well as helping you to do less damage to the environment. Read more on our 'Greener Homes' pages.
Why Is Underfloor Heating Helpful For The Environment? For more information on the benefits of under floor heating click here.
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